Private Equity Profit Distribution Waterfall Model
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Private Equity Profit Distribution Waterfall Model

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The model allows for the distribution of funds between the Limited Partners ('LPs') and the General Partner ('GP') for investment or private equity funds. This detailed model covers all the relevant concepts used in private equity cash flow models. The model follows a typical Private Equity Distribution Structure meaning that the funds are distributed over four steps (hurdles).

Return of capital (ROC) - 100% of distributions go to the investors until they recover their initial capital contributions.

Preferred Return - 100% of further distributions go to investors until they receive the preferred Return on their investment.

Catch-up - Assuming funding is available, cash flows go to the GP until it receives a certain percentage of profits from steps 2 and 3. The model also allows for setting the percentage of the available funds that GP can retain until it has received its share of the gains.

Carried interest -The remaining proceeds are distributed to the LPs and GPs pro-rata according to the percentage defined for this step.

This waterfall model assumes only one GP and up to four LPs, which can be set with different hurdles rates and percentages of capital commitment. This model can be easily included in other models by linking the projects/assets CF in the portfolio CF section.

Template Structure (Three Sheets)

Input: The model inputs are set in this sheet, namely the fund sizes, equity contributions, debt ratio, fund life, commitment period, fund expenses, hurdle rate, fees, etc.

Dashboard Sheet: A dashboard contains the main KPIs of the funds, Investors, and Portfolio performance, as well as charts (eight) for better visualization.

CF Projection Sheet:
 Capital Call 
 Debt Schedule
 Fees and Expenses Cfs 
 Portfolio Cash Flows 
 Calcs Perf Hurdles
 Summary of Cash Flow Distribution by Hurdles 
 Summary of Net Cash Flow Distribution by Investors 

Model Options:

American vs. European Waterfall Models
The model is available for both European and American waterfall (deal-by-deal) methods, and the users can easily toggle between the two methods.

Reporting Period
The model is built with the option to toggle between annually, quarterly, and Semi-annual periods for up to 13 years of analysis.

Funds Portfolio 
The user can set up to 10 investments/assets, with inputs such as the date of the investment holding period, exit multiple, etc.

Casf flow Distribuitions
Regardless of the model applied (American or European ), Cash flows are distributed pari passu and in the proportion of the invested capital by the investors.

GP Catch Up
The full catch for GP means that 20% (if the carry is indeed 20%) of all distributions in preferred Return + GP Catch up itself are paid to the GP if funds are available. The balance is transferred to subsequent periods if funds are insufficient until the catch-up is fully paid. The model doesn't accrue interest on unpaid catch-up balances.

Fees and expenses allocation
The fees and expenses are allocated to the investment portfolio as they occur and in proportion to the invested capital. During the investment period, fees and costs are paid from called capital. After the investment period, the amounts are taken from the different Portfolio investments' cash flows in proportion to each asset's investment.

Debt Service
The debt capital is paid out of the cash flow resulting from the different portfolio investments, subject to the availability of funds. Interest and commission expenses during the investment period are paid from the called equity. The debt percentage (if any), cash sweep percentage, and maturity are all assumptions configurable according to the user's needs.

Should you have any questions, please feel free to contact me.

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